Collections of the Geology, Mineralogy and Sedimentology section

The Geology, Mineralogy and Sedimentology section is in charge of two collections: the Mineralogical Collection and the Geological-Petrographical Collection.

Mineralogical Collection

The Mineralogical Collection of the SMNK comprises about 40,000 specimens in two parts, both of which are documented in catalogues and on card files. A digitised catalogue is being prepared.

The systematic part of the collection comprises minerals from all over the world. A major portion is of high exhibition quality; many specimens serve as a scientific reference. The foundation of this collection consists of valuable historic items such as the “Little Collection of the Margravine Caroline Luise,” a donation from the empress Maria Theresa, the “Russian Collection” (a gift from tsar Alexander I) and a collection of polished plates of regional rocks in Baden. During the 20th century the collection was further complemented by several acquisitions. One particularly noteworthy aspect is the small collection of meteorites and tektites from all over the world.

The economic-geological part of the Mineralogical Collection especially focuses on parageneses of historical and no longer accessible deposits of nonferrous metals, barite and fluorite from the Black Forest.

Geological-Petrographical Collection

The State Museum of Natural History owns a historical geological-petrographical collection. It comprises 8,000 to 9,000 specimens and is stored off-site in Bad Wildbad. The foundation of this collection is the petrographical part, which consists of reference specimens of magmatites, sedimentary rocks and metamorphites. In addition, there is a group of “geological manifestations”, e.g. layering, folding, faulting, weathering and so on. The third aspect here is the historical collections of explorers such as Karl Wilhelm Futterer

The Geological-Petrographical Collection is documented only on index cards which were drawn up in the 1960s and 1970s. To facilitate a modern scientific use of this collection, digitised documentation is being prepared.