Phantom spiders

new species of the genus Trigonopterus from Australia

New species of the genus Trigonopterus from Australia

Trigonopterus deplanatus, occurring only at a mountain near Cairns

Trigonopterus deplanatus, occurring only at a mountain near Cairns

A surprisingly large number of European spider species have never been reliably rediscovered since their first description many decades ago. Most of these are probably synonymous with other species or unidentifiable, due to insufficient descriptions or missing type material. In this second part of a series of publications in Arachnological Letters on this topic, we discuss about 100 of these cases, focusing mainly on species described in the early 20th century by Pelegrín Franganillo Balboa and Gabor von Kolosváry, as well as a number of jumping spiders and various miscellaneous species. In most cases, the species turned out to be unidentifiable nomina dubia, but for some of them new synonymies could be established.