Ethnobotany and Ethnozoology in the Himalayas and Central Asia - India, Nepal, Pakistan and Uzbekistan

The wider Himalayan region and Middle Asia harbor much of the world's biological and cultural diversity. This diversity is not only structured by the steep north-south gradient, but also by an east-west gradient in precipitation. Thousands of plants and animals are used together as medicine, food, fodder, religious purposes, etc. Particularly in mountainous communities, these crops are vital, in some areas they are collected by virtually all households and provide half of the household income


The dialectic relationship between indigenous knowledge and practices shapes the ecosystem and affects plant populations. Indigenous knowledge and uses need to be analyzed explicitly so that appropriate management measures can be developed that build on both scientific and local knowledge to manage both indigenous knowledge and plant populations. However, due to changing perceptions of local people, commercialization, and socio-economic change around the world, it has been widely observed that indigenous knowledge of the use of plant resources has declined. Due to the lack of organized and scientific cultivation, proper management and awareness of social factors, the number of useful plant resources is declining at an alarming rate. In addition, indigenous knowledge of the use of lesser-known plants is also rapidly declining. The present study therefore assesses plant and animal diversity and examines the relationship between plant diversity and indigenous use of plant resources along the altitudinal and longitudinal gradient.


The Himalayan Ethnobotany program is based on the premise that working with local people is the most effective way to sustainably conserve species-rich areas. By integrating ethnobotanical data into conservation plans, we work with communities to develop a program that not only protects and replenishes the ecosystem, but is also consistent with their daily lives and cultural practices.


Capacity building: We have teamed up with local colleagues to train PhD students in the methods of ethnobotany and provide valuable field experience. In addition, we support local universities in developing ethnobotanical research and courses.


Conservation: Our goal is to develop strategies with the local population on how to use their natural resources sustainably so that they can become wise stewards of their environment. We work with these communities to develop conservation plans that are both ecologically beneficial and culturally appropriate. We also firmly believe that preserving traditional knowledge is a key component of both conservation and sustainability.


Quality of Life: Improving the quality of life is a fundamental part of our work in every community. Our program is based on the belief that environmental activities must be closely linked to development activities in order to permanently solve poverty in biodiverse but economically poor countries. We also believe that an educated, healthy community leads to better decision-making.


Selected Publications

Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Camelus bactrianus Linnaeus, 1758.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_83: 805-810
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Capra hircus Linnaeus, 1758.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_84: 811-815
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Coturnix coturnix Linnaeus, 1758.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_85: 817-821
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_86: 823-827
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Eryx tataricus Lichtenstein, 1823. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_87: 829-833
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Hemiechinus auritus Gmelin, 1770. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_88: 835-839
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Hystrix indica Kerr, 1792.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_89: 841-844
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Marmota caudata Geoffroy, 1844. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_90: 845-849
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Meles canescens canescens Blanford, 1875, Meles leucurus leucurus Hodgson, 1847.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_91: 851-855
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Naja oxiana Eichwald, 1831. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_92: 857-861
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_93: 863-867
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Pelophylax ridibundus Pallas, 1771. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_94: 869-873
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus, 1758. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_95: 875-879
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Tetraogallus himalayensis G.R. Gray, 1843. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_96: 881-884
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ursus arctos isabellinus Horsfieldi, 1826. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_97: 885-889
Abduraupov, TV; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Varanus griseus caspius Eichwald, 1831. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_98: 891-895
Ahad, L; Hassan, M; Amjad, MS; Mir, RA; Vitasoviç-Kosiç, I; Bussmann, RW; Binish, Z. (2023):
Ethnobotanical Insights into Medicinal and Culinary Plant Use: The Dwindling Traditional Heritage of the Dard Ethnic Group in the Gurez Region of the Kashmir Valley, India.. Plants 12:3599: doi: 10.3390/ plants12203599
Ali E, Azhar MF, Bussmann RW. (2023):
Ethnobotanical inventory and medicinal applications of plants used by the local people of Cholistan desert Pakistan.. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25:2: doi: 10.32859/era.25.21.1-23
Arshad, F; Haq, SM; Waheed, M; Jameel, MA; Bussmann, R.W. (2023):
Environmental variables drive medicinal plant composition and distribution in various forest types of subtropical region in Pakistan.. Acta Ecologica Sinica : doi: 10.1016/j.chnaes.2023.05.001
Bashir SM, Altaf M, Hussain T, Umair M, Majeed M, MangrioWM, Khan AM, Gulshan AB, Hamed MH, Ashraf S, Amjad MS, Bussmann RW, Abbasi AM, Casini R, Alataway A, Dewidar AZ, Al-Yafrsi M, Amin MH, Elansary HO. (2023):
Vernacular Taxonomy Cultural and Ethnopharmacological Applications of Avian and Mammalian Species in the Vicinity of Ayubia National Park Himalayan Region. Biology 12:609: doi: 10.3390/biology12040609
Benkhnigue O, Khamar H, Bussmann RW, Chaachouay N, Zidane L. (2023):
Ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological study of medicinal plants used in treating some liver diseases in the Al-Haouz Rehamna region (Morocco). Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25:34: doi: 10.32859/era.25.34.1-32
Beshko, NY; Khojimatov, OK.; Bussmann, RW (2023):
Dracocephalum bipinnatum Rupr.; Dracocephalum diversifolium Rupr.; Dracocephalum formosum Gontsch.; Dracocephalum heterophyllum Benth.; Dracocephalum imberbe Bunge; Dracocephalum integrifolium Bunge; Dracocephalum komarovii Lipsky; Dracocephalum nodulosum Rupr.; Dracocephalum nutans L.; Dracocephalum oblongifolium Regel; Dracocephalum paulsenii Briq.; Dracocephalum stamineum Kar. & Kir.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_30: 299-312
Bussmann, RW.; Khojimatov, OK.Gafforov, Y; Angelini, P; Cusumano, G; Venanzoni, R; Angeles Flores, G; Ghobad-Nejhad, M; Bussmann, RW; Tomšovský, M. (2023):
Inonotus hispidus (Bull.) P. Karst.; Inonotus obliquus (Fr.) Pilát - HYMENOCHAETACEAE. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_113: 1193-1202
Dastagir G, Bibi S, Ul Uza N, Bussmann RW, I, Samiullah. (2023):
Microscopic evaluation ethnobotanical and phytochemical profiling of a traditional drug Viola odorata L. from Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25:4: doi: 10.32859/era.25.4.1-24
Gafforov, Y; Angelini, P; Cusumano, G; Venanzoni, R; Angeles Flores, G; Tomšovský, M; Yarasheva, M; Rašeta, M; Bussmann, RW; Rapior, S. (2023):
Lentinus arcularius (Batsch) Zmitr.; Lentinus brumalis (Pers.) Zmitr.; Lentinus ciliatus (Fr.) Zmitr.; Lentinus squarrosulus Mont.; Lentinus tigrinus (Bull.) Fr. - POLYPORACEAE. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_117: 1253-1270
Gafforov, Y; Mykchaylova, O; Tomšovský, M; Yarasheva, M; Abdullaev, B; Bussmann, RW; Rapior, S (2023):
Cerrena unicolor (Bull.)Murrill - CERRENACEAE. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_103: 973-991
Gafforov, Y; Rašeta, M; Rapior, S; Yarasheva, M;Wang, X; Zhou, L;Wan-Mohtar, WAAQI; Zafar, M; Lim, YW; Wang, M; Abdullaev, B; Bussmann, RW; Zengin, G; Chen, J (2023):
Macrofungi as Medicinal Resources in Uzbekistan: Biodiversity, Ethnomycology, and Ethnomedicinal Practices. Journal of Fungi 9(922): doi: 10.3390/jof9090922
Gafforov, Y; Rašeta, M; Yarasheva, M; Mykchaylova, M; Tomšovský, M; Woon Lim, Y; Abdullaev, B; Bussmann, RW; Rapior, S (2023):
Sanghuangporus lonicerinus (Bondartsev) Sheng H. Wu, L.W. Zhou & Y.C. Dai - HYMENOCHAETACEAE. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_122: 1389-1399
Gafforov, Y; Yamaç, M; Rašeta, M; Yarasheva, M; Bussmann, RW; Rapior , S (2023):
Lepista irina (Fr.) H.E. Bigelow; Lepista nuda (Bull.) Cooke - TRICHOLOMATACEAE. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_118: 1271-1284
Haq SM, Waheed M, Bussmann RW. (2023):
Measuring forest health at stand level: A multi-indicator evaluation for use in adaptive management and policy. Ecological Indicators 150:110225: doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2023.110225
Haq SM, Waheed M, Khoja AA, Amjad MS, Bussmann RW, Ali K. (2023):
A cross-cultural study of high-altitude botanical resources among diverse ethnic groups in Kashmir Himalaya India. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 19(2): doi: 10.1186/s13002-023-00582-8
Haq, SM; Amjad, MS; Waheed, M; Bussmann, RW; Ali, K; Jones, DA. (2023):
Vegetation communities and identification of indicator species in the riparian areas of Zabarwan mountain range in the Kashmir Himalaya. Environmental and Sustainability Indicators : doi: 10.1016/j.indic.2023.100277
Haq, SM; Khoja, AA; Lone, FA; Waheed, M; Bussmann, RW; Mahmoud, EA; Elansary, HO. (2023):
Floristic composition, life history traits and phytogeographic distribution of forest vegetation in the Western Himalaya. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 6: doi: 10.3389/ffgc.2023.1169085
Haq, SM; Pieroni, A; Bussmann, RW; Abd‑ElGawad, AM; El‑Ansary, HO. (2023):
Integrating traditional ecological knowledge into habitat restoration: implications for meeting forest restoration challenges.. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 19:33: doi: 10.1186/s13002-023-00606-3
Haq, SM; Waheed, M; Bussmann, RW; Kumar, M. (2023):
Trouble in the rice field: Distribution ecology and indicator value of weed species in the rice fields of Himalayan region.. Acta Ecologica Sinica : doi: 10.1016/j.chnaes.2023.07.012
Haq, SM; Waheed, M; R; Bussmann, RW; Arshad, F; AM; Casini, R; Alataway, A; AZ; Elansary, HO. (2023):
Climate Change and Human Activities, the Significant Dynamic Drivers of Himalayan Goral Distribution (Naemorhedus goral). Biology 12:610: doi: 10.3390/biology12040610
Hassan M, Haq SM, Amjad MS, Ahmad R, Bussmann RW, Pérez de la Lastra JM. (2023):
Invertebrates and Herptiles for livelihoods - ethnozoological use among different ethnic communities in Jammu and Kashmir (Indian Himalayas). Frontiers in Pharmacology : doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.1043155
Hussain J, Mehta JP, Singh A, Bagria AJ, Singh H, Nautiyal MC, Bussmann RW. (2023):
Ethno-medicinal plants of indigenous people: A case study in Khatling valley of Western Himalaya India. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25:3: 10.32859/era.25.3.1-19
Hussain, K; Ul Islam Dar, ME; Mehmood, A; Sabir, S; MS; Ahmad, KS; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ethnomedicinal uses and conservation status of medicinal orchids from Western Himalayas of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 26(1): doi: 10.32859/era.26.1.1- 13
Iqbal KJ, Umair M, Altaf M, Hussain T, Ahmad RM, Zain Ul Abdeen SM, Pieroni P, Abbasi AM, Ali S, Ashraf S, Amjad N, Khan AM, Bussmann RW. (2023):
Cross-cultural diversity analysis: traditional knowledge and uses of freshwater fish species by indigenous peoples of southern Punjab Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 19(4): doi: 10.1186/s13002-022-00573-1
Islomova, S; Asqarov, I; Bussmann, RW; Khojimatov, OK; Zafar, M; Makhkamov, T. ( (2023):
Ethnobotany, medicinal utilization and analysis of biogenic elements and flavonoids of Apium graveolens and Tussilago farfara from Uzbekistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 26:36: doi: 10.32859/era.26.36.1-12
Jameel, MA; Nadeem, MS; Haq, SM; Iqra Mubeen, Arifa Shabbir, Shahzad Aslam, Riyaz Ahmad, Gaafar, ARZ; Al-Munqedhi, BMA; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Shifts in the distribution range and niche dynamics of the globally threatened Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) due to climate change and human population pressure. Biology 12:1015: doi: 10.3390/biology12071015
Jan, HA; Mir, TA; Bussmann, RW; Jan, M; Hanif, U; Wali, S. (2023):
Cross-cultural ethnomedicinal study of the wild species of the genus Berberis used by the ethnic communities living along both sides of the Indo-Pak border in Kashmir.. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 26(3): doi: 10.32859/era.26.3.1-14
Jan, M; Mir, TA; Jan, HA; Bussmann, RW; Aneaus, S. (2023):
Ethnomedicinal study of plants utilized in pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum healthcare in Kashmir Himalaya. Journal of Herbal Medicine 42: doi: 10.1016/j.hermed.2023.100767
Khamraeva, DT; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW (2023):
Acanthophyllum gypsophiloides Regel. - CARYOPHYLLACEAE. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_3: 53-57
Khamraeva, DT; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Artemisia absinthium L., Artemisia annua L., Artemisia dracunculus L., Artemisia frigida Willd., Artemisia leucodes Schrenk, Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit., Artemisia sieversiana Ehrh. ex Willd., Artemisia vulgaris L., Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. - ASTERACEAE. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_13: 147-171
Khamraeva, DT; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Acorus calamus L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_5: 71-77
Khan K, Jan G, Irfan M, Jan FG, Hamayun M, Ullah F, Bussmann RW. (2023):
Ethnoveterinary uses of medicinal plants amongst the tribal populations of District Malakand Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25:42: doi: 10.32859/era.25.42.1-24
Khaydarov, KK; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Hippopophae rhamnoides subsp. turkestanica Rousi. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_41: 411-417
Khaydarov, KK; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. turkestanica Rousi. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_41: 411-417
Khojimatov, OK; Abdiniyazova, GJ; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Anabasis aphylla L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_9: 123-126
Khojimatov, OK; Abdiniyazova, GJ; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Xylosalsola richteri (Moq.) Akhani & Roalson, Xylosalsola paletzkiana (Litv.) Akhani & Roalson. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_80: 775-780
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Koenigia coriaria (Grig.) T.M. Schust. & Reveal. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_46: 469-474
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Morus alba L. , Morus nigra L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_52: 513-526
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Allium caspium subsp. baissunense (Lipsky) F.O. Khass. & R.M. Fritsch, Allium cepa L., Allium giganteum Regel, Allium karataviense Regel, Allium oschaninii O. Fedtsch., Allium pskemense B. Fedtsch., Allium ramosum L., Allium rosenbachianum Regel, Allium sarawschanicum Regel, Allium sativum L., Allium stipitatum Regel, Allium suworowii Regel, Allium tschimganicum B. Fedtsch.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_7: 85-112
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Althaea armeniaca Ten., Althaea cannabina L., Althaea nudiflora Lindl., Althaea officinalis L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_8: 113-121
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Anethum graveolens L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_10: 127-131
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Arctium lappa L., Arctium tomentosum Mill.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan . doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_11: 133-139
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Armoracia rusticana G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_12: 141-145
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Atraphaxis pyrifolia Bunge. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_14: 173-176
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Berberis integerrima Bunge, Berberis oblonga (Regel) C.K. Schneid., Berberis vulgaris L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_15: 177-190
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Betonica betoniciflora (Rupr. ex O. Fedtsch. & B. Fedtsch.) Senniko. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_16: 191-194
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Betula pendula Roth, Betula tianschanica Rupr.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_17: 195-206
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Bidens triparita L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_18: 207-214
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Capparis sicula Vieill. subsp. herbacea (Willd.) Inocencio, D. Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Capparis spinosa L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_19: 215-225
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Cichorium intybus L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_22: 241-248
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Codonopsis clematidea (Schrenk ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) C.B. Clarke. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_24: 255-260
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Conservation and sustainable use of plant resources of Uzbekistan. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_2: 41-49
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Cucurbita pepo L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_25: 261-270
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. cilicica Klinge. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_27: 275-281
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Datura stramonium L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_28: 283-290
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Delphinium semibarbatum Bien. ex Boiss.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_29: 291-298
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Elwendia persica (Boiss.) Pimenov & Kljuykov. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_32: 321-325
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ephedra equisetina Bunge, Ephedra intermedia Schrenk ex C.A. Mey.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_33: 327-335
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Equisetum arvense L., Equisetum ramosissimum Desf.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_34: 337-349
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Eremurus olgae Regel, Eremurus regelii Vved., Eremurus robustus (Regel) Regel, Eremurus soogdianus (Regel) Benth. & Hook. f., Eremurus turkestanicus Regel. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_35: 351-357
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ferula assa-foetida L., Ferula foetida (Bunge) Regel, Ferula foetidissima Regel & Schmalh., Ferula karelinii Bunge, Ferula kuhistanica Korovin, Ferula moschata (H. Reinsch) Koso-Pol., Ferula tadshikorum Pimenov, Ferula tenuisecta Korovin, Ferula varia (Schrenk) Trautv.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_36: 359-371
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ficus carica L. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_37: 373-385
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Gentiana olivieri Griseb.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_38: 387-391
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. ex DC.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_39: 393-402
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Hypericum elongatum Ledeb. ex Rchb., Hypericum perforatum L., Hypericum scabrum L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_42: 419-428
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Inula grandis Schrenk ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey. , Inula helenium L., Inula orientalis Lam.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_43: 429-439
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Juniperus pseudosabina Fisch. & C.A. Mey., Juniperus sabina L., Juniperus semiglobosa Regel, Juniperus seravschanica Kom.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_45: 457-468
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Lagochilus inebrians Bunge, Lagochilus platycalyx Schrenk ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey., Lagochilus seravschanicus Knorring. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_47: 475-479
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Leuzea repens (L.) D.J.N. Hind. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_49: 487-490
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Mediasia macrophylla (Regel & Schmalh.) Pimenov. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_50: 491-495
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Mentha arvensis L. , Mentha longifolia (L.) L., Mentha spicata L., Menta x piperita L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_51: 497-511
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Origanum vulgare subsp. gracile (K. Koch) Letsw. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_53: 527-535
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Peganum harmala L.. Springer Nature Publishin doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_54: 537-547
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Pentanema britannica (L.) D. Gut.Larr., Santos-Vicente, Anderb., E. Rico & M.M. Mart. Ort.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_55: 549-552
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Spach. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_56: 553-561
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_57: 563-566
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Plantago lanceolata L., Plantago major L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_58: 567-581
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Polygonum aviculare L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_59: 583-590
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Prunus bucharica (Korsh.) Hand.-Mazz., Prunus spinosissima (Bunge) Franch.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_60: 591-600
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Punica granatum L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_61: 601-606
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Rhamnus cathartica L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_62: 607-615
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Rhus coriaria L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_65: 631-637
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Rosa canina L., Rosa webbiana Wall. ex Royle. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_67: 647-661
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Rubia tinctorium L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_68: 663-671
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_70: 691-697
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Thermopsis alterniflora Regel & Schmalh.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_72: 715-719
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Thymus seravschanicus Klokov.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_73: 721-726
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Tribulus terrestris L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_74: 727-733
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ungernia sewerzowii (Regel) B.Fedtsch., Ungernia victoris Vved. ex Artjush.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_76: 741-745
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Urtica dioica L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_77: 747-758
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Verbascum songaricum Schrenk ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_78: 759-765
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Xanthium spinosum L., Xanthium strumarium L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_79: 767-774
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ziziphora clinopodioides Lam., Ziziphora clinopodioides subsp. bungeana (Juz.) Rech.f. , Ziziphora pamiroalaica Juz., Ziziphora pedicellata Pazij et Vved., Ziziphora tenuior L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_81: 781-790
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ziziphus jujuba Mill, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_82: 791-802
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Achillea arabica Kotschy, Achillea filipendulina Lam., Achillea millefolium L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_4: 59-69
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. ( (2023):
Juglans regia L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_44: 441-455
Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW., Gaffrov, Y. (2023):
Uzbekistan - Ecosystems, Biodiversity, History and Culture. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_1: 3-37
Khojimatov, OK; Gaffrov, Y; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan , Cham, Springer Nature Publishing
Khojimatov, OK; Khamraeva, DT; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Taraxacum brevirostre Hand.-Mazz., Taraxacum juzepczukii Schischk., Taraxacum macrochlamydeum Kovalevsk., Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg, Taraxacum pseudominutilobum Kovalevsk., Taraxacum sonchoides (D. Don) Sch. Bip.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_71: 699-713
Khojimatov, OK; Khamraeva, DT; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ajuga turkestanica (Regel) Briq.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_6: 79-83
Khojimatov, OK; Khamraeva, DT; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_20: 227-234
Khojimatov, OK; Khaydarov, KK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Elaeagnus angustifolia L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_31: 313-319
Khojimatov, OK; Khujanov, AN; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Helichrysum maracandicum N. Pop. ex Kirp., Helichrysum mussae Nevski, Helichrysum nuratavicum Krasch.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan , doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_40: 403-410
Khojimatov, OK; Khujanov, AN; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Rhodiola heterodonta (Hook.f. & Thomson) Boriss., Rhodiola pamiroalaica Boriss.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_64: 625-630
Khojimatov, OK; Kosimov, ZZ; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Cullen drupaceum (Bunge) C.H. Stirt.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_26: 271-274
Khojimatov, OK; Kosimov, ZZ; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Tussilago farfara L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_75: 735-739
Khojimatov, OK; Kosimov, ZZ; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Rheum maximowiczii Losinsk.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan: 617-623
Khojimatov, OK; Murodov, SA; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_23: 249-253
Khojimatov, OK; Pak VV; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Leonurus turkestanicus V.I. Krecz. & Kuprian., Leonurus panzerioides Popov. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_48: 481-485
Khojimatov, OK; Pak VV; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ribes janczewskii Pojark. Ribes meyeri Maxim.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_66: 639-645
Khojimatov, OK; Pak, VV; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Centaurea behen L., Centaurea cyanus L.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_21: 235-240
Kosimov, ZZ; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Quantitative Ethnobotany of medicinal plants used by the mountain population of the Kitab Region, Uzbekistan. Quantitative Ethnobotany of medicinal plants used by the mountain population of the Kitab Region, Uzbekistan 26:37: doi: 10.32859/era.26.37.1-13
Makhkamov, TK; Khojimatov, OK; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Salvia deserta Schangin, Salvia sclarea L., Salvia virgata Jacq.. Ethnobiology of Uzbekistan doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-23031-8_69: 673-689
Malik, ZA; Singh, A; Malik, BA; Nautiyal, MC; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Megacarpaea polyandra Benth. ex Madden - a promising traditional therapeutic herb from the high-altitude Himalayas: A systematic review. Acta Ecologica Sinica 
Mazher M, Ishtiaq M, Hamid B, Haq SM, Mazhar M, Bashir F, Bussmann RW. (2023):
Ethnobotanical importance and conservation status of Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad in division Mirpur Kashmir Himalaya. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25:33: doi: 10.32859/era.25.33.1-14
Mir, TA; Jan, M; Bilal, T; Jan, HA; Bussmann, RW; Saini, N. (2023):
Medicinal plant utilization among three linguistic groups in selected districts of Jammu and Kashmir.. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 26:29:
Mirzaman, Z; Kayani, S; Manzoor, M; Jameel, MA; Waheed, M; Gillani, SW; Babar, CM; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Ethnobotanical study of Makra Hills district Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan.. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 26:38: doi: 10.32859/era.26.38.1-17
Rahman IU, Ijaz F, Bussmann RW. (2023):
Editorial: Ethnoveterinary practices: Animal production healthcare and livelihood development. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 9:1086311: doi: 10.3389/fvets.2022.1086311
Shah IA Burni T, Badshah L, Ul Uza N, Bussmann RW. (2023):
Quantitative ethnobotanical study and conservation status of herbal flora of Koh-e-Suleman range Razmak valley North Waziristan Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25:26: doi: 10.32859/era.26.5.1-18
Shaheen, H; Aziz, S; Nasar, S; Waheed, M; Manzoor, M; Siddiqui, MH; Alamri, S; Haq, SM; Bussmann, RW (2023):
Distribution patterns of alpine flora for long-term monitoring of global change along a wide elevational gradient in the Western Himalayas. Global Ecology and Conservation 48:e02702: doi: 10.1016/j.gecco.2023.e02702
Sher, H; Ali, A; Sher, H; Bussmann, RW; Ur Rahman, I; Ullah, H; Ali, A; Ullah, Z. (2023):
Sustainability and socio-economic impacts of plant resources utilization in Valley Lalku, District Swat, Pakistan.. Ethnobotany Research ans Applications 26:54: 10.32859/era.26.54.1-18
Singh J, Rajasekaran A, Negi AK, Pala NA, Panwar VP, Bussmann RW, Malik ZA. (2023):
Potential of wild edible fruits for nutrition in indigenous communities of Northwest Himalaya India. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 25:9: doi: 10.32859/era.25.9.1-15
Waheed M, Arshad F, M, Haq SM, R, Bussmann RW, Ali K, Subhan F, Jones DA, Zaitouny A. (2023):
Potential distribution of a noxious weed (Solanum viarum Dunal) current status and future invasion risk based on MaxEnt modeling. Geology Ecology and Landscapes : doi: 10.1080/24749508.2023.2179752
Waheed M, Haq SM, Arshad F, Bussmann RW, Ali HM, Siddiqui MH. (2023):
Phyto-ecological distribution patterns and identification of alien invasive indicator species in relation to edaphic factors from semi-arid region. Ecological Indicators 148:110053: doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2023.110053
Waheed M, Haq SM, Arshad F, Bussmann RW, Pieroni A, Mahmoud EA, Casini R, Yessoufou K, Elansary HO. (2023):
Traditional Wild Food Plants Gathered by Ethnic Groups Living in Semi-Arid Region of Punjab Pakistan. Biology 12:269: doi: 10.3390/ biology12020269
Waheed, M; Haq, SM; Arshad, F; Jameel, MA; Siddiqui, MH; Bussmann, RW; Manshoor, N; Alamri, S. (2023):
Where will threatened Aegle marmelos L. tree of the semi-arid region go under climate change? Implications for reintroduction of the species. Land 12:1433: doi: 10.3390/land12071433
Waheed, M; Haq, SM; Jameel, MA; Arshad, F; Bussmann, RW. (2023):
Documentation of ethnomedicinal plants used by the people living in reserved forests of semi-arid region Punjab Pakistan.. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 26:39: doi: 10.32859/era.26.39.1-17
Abbas Z, Bussmann RW, Khan SM, Abbasi AM. (2022):
A review of current trends and future directions in the medical ethnobotany of Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Pakistan). Ethnobotany Research and Applications 24:18: doi: 10.32859/era.24.18.1-16
Adil S, Altaf M, Hussain T, Umair M, Ni J, Bussmann RW, Ashraf S. (2022):
Cultural and Medicinal Use of Amphibians and Reptiles by Indigenous People in Punjab Pakistan with Comments on Conservation Implications for Herpetofauna. Animals 12:2062: doi: 10.3390/ani12162062
Ali M, Yar P.,Khan S, Muhammad S, Hussain W, Hussain K., Hussain G, Aneva IY, Tng DYP, Bussmann RW. (2022):
Land use and land cover modification and its impact on biodiversity and the ecosystem services in District Kurram Pakistan. Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas 21(3): doi: 10.37360/blacpma.
Amjad MS, Shakoor A, Bussmann RW, Qureshi H (2022):
Quantitative and comparative analysis of ethnomedicinal plants from the Lasdana (Azad Jammu and Kashmir). BASE - Biotechnology Agronomy Society and Environment 26(2): 108-120
Angmo K, Gailson L, Adhikari BS, Rawat GS, Bhat JA, Bussmann RW, Malik ZA. (2022):
Prevailing traditional health care services in Western Ladakh Indian Trans-Himalaya. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 24:22: 10.32859/era.24.22.1-12
Bibi F, Abbas Z, Harun N, Perveeen B, Bussmann RW. (2022):
Indigenous knowledge and quantitative ethnobotany of the Tanawal area Lesser Western Himalayas Pakistan. PlosOne : doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0263604
Dastagir G, Jan SA, Ul Uza N, Ahmad I, Samiullah Bussmann RW. (2022):
Traditional knowledge and diversity of medicinal plants in Hindukush range Tehsil Mastuj Chitral Pakistan: An ethnobotany survey. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 24:29: doi: 10.32859/era.24.29.1-19
Dutta A. Sharma YP Bikarma BS Bussmann RW. (2022):
Plant-based veterinary practices in Jammu and Kashmir: A review of the trends transfer and conservation of traditional ethnoveterinary knowledge. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 24:4: doi: 10.32859/era.24.4.1-24
Farooq S, Gulzar A, Haq SM, Hassan M, Bussmann RW. (2022):
Millennial traditions - Exploration of ethno-medicinal knowledge among different ethnic groups of Northern part Kashmir Himalaya India. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 23:20: doi: 10.32859/era.23.20.1-18
Haq SM, Amjad MS, Waheed M, Bussmann RW, Prócków J. (2022):
The floristic quality assessment index as ecological health indicator for forest vegetation: A case study from Zabarwan Mountain Range Himalayas. Ecological Indicators 145:109670: doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2022.109670
Haq SM, Hassan M, Bussmann RW, Calixto ES, Ur Rahman I, Sakhi S, Ijaz F, Hashem A, Al-Arjani AF, Almutairi KF, Abd-Allah EF, Aziz AM, Ali N. (2022):
Cross-Cultural Analysis of Plant Resources Among Five Ethnic Groups in the Western Himalayan Region of Jammu and Kashmir.. Biology 11:491: doi: 10.3390/biology11040491
Haq SM, Rashid I, Soares Calixto E, Ali A, Kumar M, Srivastava G, Bussmann RW, Khuroo AA (2022):
Unravelling patterns of forest carbon stock along a wide elevational gradient in the Himalaya: Implications for climate change mitigation. Forest Ecology and Management : doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2022.120442
Haq SM, Waheed M, Bussmann RW, Arshad F. (2022):
Vegetation composition and ecological characteristics of the forest in the Shawilks Mountain Range from Western Himalayas. Acta Ecologica Sinica : doi: 10.1016/j.chnaes.2022.10.008
Haq SM, Yaqoob U, Majeed M, Amjad MS, Hassan M, Ahmad R, Waheed M, Bussmann RW, Calizto ES, Próków J, de la Lastra JMP, Moralez-de-la-Nuez A. (2022):
Quantitative ethnoveterinary study on plant resource utilization by indigenous communities in high-altitude regions. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 9:944046: doi: 10.3389/fvets.2022.944046
Hassan M, Abdullah A, Haq SM, Yaqoob U, Bussmann RW, Waheed M (2022):
Cross-ethnic use of ethnoveterinary medicine in the Kashmir Himalaya - A Northwestern Himalayan region. Acta Ecologica Sinica : doi: 10.1016/j.chnaes.2022.07.010
Hassan M, Haq SM, Ahmad R, Majeed M, Sahito HA, Shirani M, Mubeen I, Aziz MA, Pieroni A, Bussmann RW, Alataway A, Dewidar AZ, Al-Yafrisi M, Elansary HO, Yessoufou K. (2022):
Traditional Use of wild and domestic fauna among different ethnic groups in the Western Himalayas - A Cross Cultural Analysis. Animals 12:2276: doi: 10.3390/ani12172276
Hassan M, Haq SM, Majeed M, Umair M Sahito HA, Shirani M, Waheed M, Aziz R, Ahmad R, Bussmann RW, Alataway A, Dewidar AZ, El-Abedin TKZ, Al-Yafrsi M, Elansary HO, Yessoufou K. (2022):
Traditional Food and Medicine: Ethno-Traditional Usage of Fish Fauna across the Valley of Kashmir: A Western Himalayan Region. Diversity 14(6):455: doi: 10.3390/d14060455
Hussain S, Hussain W, Nawaz A, Badshah L, Ali A, Ullah S, Ali M, Hussain H, Bussmann RW. (2022):
Quantitative ethnomedicinal study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants used by the tribal communities of Central Kurram Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 23:5: doi: 10.32859/era.23.5.1-31
Khalid N, Khan AM, Qureshi R, Saqib Z, Zahid N, Bussmann RW. (2022):
Exploration of important environmental determinants of flowering phenology of the Western Himalayan Forests of Dhirkot Azad Jammu and Kashmir Pakistan. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 20(1): doi: 10.15666/aeer/2001_301337
Khoja AA, Andrabi SAH, Mir RA, Bussmann RW. (2022):
Ethnobiological uses of plant species among the three ethnic communities in the administrative District (Kupwara) of Jammu and Kashmir-India: A cross-cultural analysis. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 24:20: doi: 10.32859/era.24.20.1-22
Khoja AA, Haq SM, Majeed M, Hassan M, Waheed M, Yaqoob U, Bussmann RW, Alataway A, Dewidar AZ, Al-Yafrsi M, Elansary HO, Yessoufou K, Zaman W. (2022):
Diversity Ecological and Traditional Knowledge of Pteridophytes in the Western Himalayas. Diversity 14:628: doi: 10.3390/d14080628
Kunwar RM, Baral B, Luintel S, Uprety Y, Poudel RC, Adhikari B, Adhikari YA, Subedi SC, Subedi CK, Poudel P, Paudel HR, Paudel BV, Mahat Kunwar L, Upadhayaya LS, Bhattarai S, Pyakurel D, Kutal DH, Pandey P, Bhandari A, Thapa GJ, Paniagua NY, Bussmann RW. (2022):
Ethnomedicinal landscape: distribution of used medicinal plant species in Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 18:34: doi: 10.1186/s13002-022-00531-x
Mir TA, Jan M, Bussmann RW, Bilal T. (2022):
Inventory of medicinal herbs utilized for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders in district Kupwara of Jammu and Kashmir. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 24:30: doi: 10.32859/era.24.30.1-13
Mir TA, Jan M, Jan HA, Bussmann RW, Sisto FA. (2022):
Cross-cultural analysis of medicinal plant utilization among the four ethnic communities in Northern Regions of Jammu and Kashmir India. Biology 11:1578: doi: 10.3390/biology11111578
Nazli Begum HA, Hamayun M, Khan A, Yaseen T, Bussmann RW, Murad W. (2022):
Quantitative ethnobotanical appraisal of medicinal plants used by indigenous communities of District Malakand Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 24:1: doi: 10.32859/era.24.1.1-14
Shah A, Badshah L, Bussmann RW, Muhammad M, Abdullah, Ullah F, Khan S, Khan N. (2022):
Quantitative study of the food flavoring spice mixtures used in the traditional markets of District Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 23:26: doi: 10.32859/era.26.20.1-33
Targe K, Lyngdoh S, Bussmann RW, Adhikari BS. (2022):
Conservation linkages of threatened medicinal plants used in traditional health care system in Pin Valley National Park Himachal Pradesh India.. Ethnobotany Research and Applications 24:36: doi: 10.32859/era.24.36.1-22
Waheed M, Haq SM, Arshad F, Bussmann RW, Iqbal M, Bukhari NA, Hatamleh AA. (2022):
Grasses in Semi-Arid Lowlands-Community Composition and Spatial Dynamics with Special Regard to the Influence of Edaphic Factors.. Sustainability 14:14964: doi: 10.3390/su142214964
Waheed M, Haq SM, Fatima K, Arshad F, Bussman RW, Masood FR, Alataway A, Dewidar AZ, Almutairi KF, Elansary HO, Kassem HS, Al-Yafrasi M, Yessoufou K. (2022):
Ecological Distribution Patterns and Indicator Species Analysis of Climber Plants in Changa Manga Forest Plantation. Diversity 14:988: doi: 10.3390/d14110988
Haq, SM; Waheed, M; Darwish, M; Siddiqui; Goursi, UH; Kumar, M; Song, L; Bussmann, RW. (2014):
Biodiversity and carbon stocks of the understory vegetation as indicators for forest health in the Zabarwan Mountain Range, Indian Western Himalaya. Ecological Indicators 159:111685